【LECTURE】Incorporating Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle into Quantum Multiparameter Estimation


Speaker: Prof. Wang Xiaoguang, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University

Time: 3:00 p.m., November 10

Venue: Room 1226, Science and Engineering Building, School of Physical Science and Technology


The quantum multiparameter estimation is very different from the classical multiparameter estimation due to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics. When the optimal measurements for different parameters are incompatible, they cannot be jointly performed. We find a correspondence relationship between the inaccuracy of a measurement for estimating the unknown parameter with the measurement error in the context of measurement uncertainty relations. Taking this correspondence relationship as a bridge, we incorporate Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle into quantum multiparameter estimation by giving a trade-off relation between the measurement inaccuracies for estimating different parameters. For pure quantum states, this trade-off relation is tight, so it can reveal the true quantum limits on individual estimation errors in such cases. We apply our approach to derive the trade-off between attainable errors of estimating the real and imaginary parts of a complex signal encoded in coherent states and obtain the joint measurements attaining the trade-off relation. We also show that our approach can be readily used to derive the trade-off between the errors of jointly estimating the phase shift and phase diffusion without explicitly parametrizing quantum measurements.


Source: School of Physical Science and Technology